By Stefan Andreasson
Orthodox options for socio-economic improvement have failed spectacularly in Southern Africa. Neither the developmental nation nor neoliberal reform turns out in a position to offer an answer to Africa's problems. In Africa's improvement deadlock, Stefan Andreasson analyses this failure and explores post-development alternatives. taking a look at the post-independence histories of Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa, the booklet indicates 3 varied examples of this failure to beat the debilitating colonial legacy. Andreasson then argues that it's now time to resuscitate post-development theory's problem to traditional development. In doing this, he claims, we are facing the big problem of translating post-development into genuine politics for a sustainable destiny and utilizing it as a discussion approximately what the goals and aspirations of post-colonial societies may perhaps become. This vital fusion of thought with new empirical learn can be crucial studying for college students of improvement politics and Africa.
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Extra resources for Africa's Development Impasse: Rethinking the Political Economy of Transformation
Yet, despite a major reorientation of spending priorities towards basic development (health and education) in the early years of independence (Dashwood 2000: 40–56), domestic and international capitalist interests were never seriously challenged by the government. 19 While the post-liberation period in Zimbabwe has obviously been more volatile than has been the case in South Africa and, especially, Botswana, there is nevertheless a degree of continuity in state–market relations, carefully managed to adapt to and remain acceptable in new political circumstances, up until the turmoil of violent land reforms in the present decade, which has left Zimbabwe’s economic and political future increasingly uncertain (see D.
Development of the productive forces’ was the common objective of capitalism and socialism, even if, as [Enrique Fernando] Cardoso stressed, the benefits were not distributed to the same classes … [Hence the failure to] consider the cultural aspects of ‘development,’ or the possibility of models resting upon different foundations, or the ecological consequences of treating industrialization as necessary to collective well-being. (Rist 2002: 121) 19 Foundations for development One way of articulating a new way of thinking about improvements in well-being that move beyond orthodox strategies of the industrial era is by clarifying the challenges posed by southern Africa’s particular capitalist formations and then by asking whether capital, when officially democratized and deracialized, becomes a potential agent of transformation, or whether deeply entrenched historical processes of accumulation prevail so that capital remains a key guarantor of perpetual elitist privilege and inequality.
Postindependence politics have in some significant aspects been characterized as much by compromise and continuity as by genuine change and transformation. At the same time, however, it has been possible to observe important variance in developmental policy choices across the southern African region. Such variation is not simply the outcome of individual agency. Important as the leadership of a Seretse Khama as opposed to a Robert Mugabe may have been in terms of tilting the character of national politics in one direction or another, towards consolidation of democracy in Botswana as opposed to an increasingly stifling authoritarianism in Zimbabwe, these leaders as well as other pivotal actors exist in established socio-cultural contexts within which they are more likely to favour certain patterns of decision-making while discounting others.
Africa's Development Impasse: Rethinking the Political Economy of Transformation by Stefan Andreasson