By Jan van Kuppevelt, Laila Dybkjær, Niels Ole Bernsen
The most subject of this quantity is typical multimodal interplay. The publication is exclusive in that it brings jointly an excellent many contributions relating to points of ordinary and multimodal interplay written by way of the various very important actors within the box. subject matters addressed contain speaking heads, conversational brokers, tutoring platforms, multimodal communique, desktop studying, architectures for multimodal discussion platforms, structures assessment, and information annotation.
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Additional info for Advances in Natural Multimodal Dialogue Systems (Text, Speech and Language Technology)
A second manipulation involved varying whether subjects interacted with the fully embodied REA – appearing in front of the virtual apartments as a life-sized character (EMBODIED condition) – or viewed only the virtual apartments while talking with REA over a telephone. Together these variables provided a 2x2 experimental design: SOCIAL vs. TASK and EMBODIED vs. PHONE. Our hypotheses follow from the literature on small talk and on trust among humans. We expected subjects in the SOCIAL condition to trust REA more, feel closer to REA, like her more, and feel that they understood each other more Social Dialogue with Embodied Conversational Agents 41 than in the TASK condition.
From talk about the weather, to talk about Boston weather, to talk about Boston real estate). Relevance REA maintains a list of topics that she thinks the user knows about, and the discourse planner prefers moves which involve topics in this list. The list is initialized to things that anyone talking to REA would know about – such as the weather outside, Cambridge, MIT, or the laboratory that REA lives in. Task goals REA has a list of prioritized goals to ﬁnd out about the user’s housing needs in the initial interview.
Iconic and metaphoric gestures convey some features of the action or event being described. They can be redundant or complementary relative to the speech channel, and thus can convey additional information or provide robustness or emphasis with respect to what is being said. ) if the speaker is understood, or a confused facial expression or lack of positive feedback if not. The listener can also ask clarifying questions if they did not hear or understand something the speaker said. 2 Interactional versus Propositional Behaviours The mapping from form (behaviour) to conversational function relies on a fundamental division of conversational goals: contributions to a conversation can be propositional and interactional.
Advances in Natural Multimodal Dialogue Systems (Text, Speech and Language Technology) by Jan van Kuppevelt, Laila Dybkjær, Niels Ole Bernsen